(birth - 3 months)

Tom-e Newborn
During this period your Infant may:

Physical Development

  • Gain control over the position of her head, gradually lifting it up for longer periods of time.
  • Have her hands closed or partly closed most of the time.
  • Seem to be reaching for and swiping at objects within her field of vision.
  • Kick her legs vigorously, especially when excited.
  • Grasp objects placed in her open hands.
  • By three months, hold a small rattle for a little while, however, erratic movements may mean that she swipes herself in the face with the rattle.
  • By three months, be pulled into a sitting position by holding hands, there may be slight head lag.
  • Sit with a great deal of support.

Language and Communication

  • Learn that crying brings Mommy, Daddy or another caregiver.
  • Have a different cry for attention, hunger and pain.
  • Make a series of sounds when she sees faces or hears other sounds.
  • Start to coo and gurgle.
  • Turn to sounds and especially familiar voices.
  • Cries when angry or uncomfortable.
  • Loves to look at slow moving objects.
  • Particularly like toys that are red, black and white.
  • Be able to respond to sounds, either by startling or turning her head to locate the source of the sound.

Emotional and Social Development

  • Stop crying when given attention.
  • Gaze into mother’s face whilst being fed.
  •  Love being cuddled and carried around.
  • Smile at people, especially when being spoken to.
  • Get excited when she hears a familiar voice.
  • Mostly wake in a happy mood.
  • Start to stay awake for slightly longer periods of time.
  • React favorably to familiar situations.

Warning Signs

  • Excessive head lag.
  • Poor sucking reflex.
  • Does not focus on and follow a slow moving target.
  • Shows no interest in smiling.
  • Makes no response to sounds, new or familiar.
  • Makes no vocalization.

If, at the end of this period, your child displays any of the above warning signs, please consult a professional for a full assessment.

Please note that these are very generalized concerns. Toptots will not be held responsible for any warning signs not being mentioned here. This list is by no means complete. If you have any concerns whatsoever, it is best that you discuss them with your medical practitioner.

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